In this lecture presentation, an introduction to the wool fibre, and its conversion from fibre to fabric is presented. It covers the importance of its natural properties such as softness, moisture management, breathability, thermal insulation and flame retardancy. Suitability of wools of different fibre diameters for different textile products is described. Manufacturing steps for wool fibre-to-fabric conversion, covering scouring, spinning, fabric formation and finishing are described. Different methods of spinning such as the woollen, semi-worsted and worsted spinning systems are explained. Various methods of fabric formation, namely weaving, knitting, tufting and non-woven are presented. Role of fabric finishing and different chemical treatments is described.
Dr Surinder Tandon is an International Textile Consultant (Process and Product Innovation & Commercialisation) after serving as Senior Scientist in at Wool Research Organisation of New Zealand (WRONZ) /AgResearch Ltd, Lincoln, New Zealand, where he had worked for 27 years. He has PhD from Leeds University, M.Tech from IIT Delhi and B.Text (Honours) in Textile Technology from TIT Bhiwani. He has worked on wool textile R&D and technology transfer for commercialisation with several textile companies, research organisations and educational institutions worldwide. He has over 70 publications in refereed journals, conference proceedings, and technical reports, and has done presentations at several international conferences and symposiums.
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